Nam June Paik (1932-2006) was a pioneering South Korean-American artist who is often referred to as the "father of video art." He is considered one of the most influential figures in the development of video and media art, known for his innovative and experimental use of television and electronic media in his artworks.
Born in Seoul, South Korea, Paik studied music and art history in Tokyo before moving to Germany in the late 1950s to pursue his art career. In the early 1960s, he collaborated with artists such as Joseph Beuys, John Cage, and Charlotte Moorman, exploring avant-garde ideas and performance art.
Paik's groundbreaking works combined television sets, video cameras, and electronic components to create immersive and interactive installations. He was interested in exploring the possibilities of video as an artistic medium and saw television as a tool for artistic expression rather than just a means of communication.
One of Paik's most famous works is "TV Buddha" (1974), in which a Buddha statue observes its own image on a closed-circuit television. This piece exemplifies his fascination with the relationship between technology and spirituality.
Throughout his career, Nam June Paik exhibited globally, pushing the boundaries of traditional art and pioneering new forms of artistic expression. His contributions to video art and media art have had a lasting impact on the art world and continue to influence contemporary artists working in new media and digital art.